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These plans were published in the second edition of William Maitland’s History of London from its Foundation to the Present Time published in 1756, (the first edition, published 1739 did not include maps). Despite the claim in the title that the plan is ‘According to a new Survey’, Maitland's ward plans were largely derived from Strype's plans by the engraver Richard Blome (see below), with the illustrations copied from West & Tow's 'Prospect Views of Ancient Churches' of 1736.

 

The maps in context.

 

Before the Great Fire of London in 1666 the most celebrated Survey of London was by John Stow, a scholar and antiquary whose Survey gives us a vivid picture of the London of Shakespeare’s time. A century later after Great Fire and the rapid expansion of the capital and its transformation of the City of London through new building a new, updated Survery was needed. John Strype (1643-1737), an ecclesiastic historian and biographer produced an enormous and expanded version of Stow’s Survey which he published in 1720 and which included plans by Richard Blome. Cole's maps, though based on Blome’s are more decorative and finely engraved, replacing the list of places and columns of references with engraved views of important landmarks (mostly taken from West and Tom's Perspective Views of the Ancient Churches published in 1736 ), and with rococo title cartouches and coats of arms.

 

Maitland's History was republished in 1760, 1772 and 1775 but Cole's plans were not revised for any of these issues.

 

This plan was published in William Maitland's History of London from its Foundation to the Present Day. The title features in a cartouche at top centre, with the arms of John Porter, Alderman of Lime Street, at top right. The scale bar is at bottom right, compass star at bottom left, and an illustrated view of the facade of Leadenhall market at top left.

 

Lime Street.

 

The title features in a cartouche at top centre, with the arms of John Porter, Alderman of Lime Street, at top right. The scale bar is at bottom right, compass star at bottom left, and an illustrated view of the facade of Leadenhall market at top left.

 

Leadenhall Market was originally a lead-roofed manor house located within London’s Lime Street Ward. It is from its original lead roof that it derives its name. It has a long history as a market place, its land having been opened up by Sir Hugh Neville in the fourteenth century for use as a market place. In 1411 Lord Mayor Richard Whittington gifted the manor and its lands to the City.

 

The original Leadenhall Market was designed by John Croxton in 1440, and completed in 1449. By 1600, the market included sellers of poultry, grain, eggs, butter, cheese, foodstuffs, wool, leather, and cutlery. It was the most important market in medieval and early modern London, especially for meat and poultry.

 

Leadenhall Market was an important and integral part of the surrounding community. The inclusion of a school and chapel suggests that it was much more than simply a space to buy and sell goods. During the reigns of the Tudor and Stuart Monarchs, it was used as a venue for shows and festivals. Leadenhall Market was relatively unscathed by the Great Fire of 1666, but some minor repairs did take place following the fire.

 

In 1881, the city had the original building torn down, and commissioned Sir Horace Jones to design and build the Leadenhall Market that stands today.

 

Engraver: Benjamin Cole is a celebrated English engraver, illustrator and map seller. He was apprenticed to his father, a well-known instrument maker in 1739. His drawings and engravings of the ward maps were published in the first edition of William Maitland's History of London from Its Foundation to the Present Time (1769). The same plates were used for the later publication, Thornton's New & Complete History & Survey of London & Westminster, (1775-1780). Cole also engraved maps the French map-maker John Rocque. Benjamin, his son William and grandson John had strong links with the Freemasons. In 1728-9, Cole published a sumptuous engraved edition of the historic masonic charters and manuscripts, Old Charges as well as a number of masonic songs and speeches, with various masonic songs and speeches. He also illustrated children’s books and military manuals.

Lime Street Ward - Framed Antique Print

SKU: 1098
£150.00Price
  • Item Numbers: 1098 
    Titles: A new and correct plan of Limestreet ward with its division into parishes according to a new survey. 
    Medium: Copperplate Engraving
    Engraver: Benjamin Cole
    Date 1755 (Lime Street)

    Framed size (h x w): 410 x 533mm
     

  • To find out more, arrange a viewing or to purchase please email traceryprints@gmail.com or get in touch via the contact form 

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